03 Apr Foaling Guide
Posted at 23:24h in Vet News
- Veterinarian nearby and on call.
- Clean safe place for foaling. Near to home with a foaling alarm is ideal.
- Foaling kit – ropes, towels, bucket, warm water, etc.
Signs a mare is foaling
- Filling of the udder begins 4 weeks before foaling.
- Teats become engorged 4-6 days before foaling.
- The pelvic muscles and the vulva relaxes changing the shape of the hindquarters a few days before foaling.
- Teats will form wax 1-2 days before foaling.
When born the foal Should:
- Stand within 2 hours
- Nurse within 2-4 hours
- Pass meconium (Dark, firm faeces) within 12 hours
- The umbilical cord should break shortly after birth or when the mare or foal stands.
- The mare should be non-aggressive and interested in the foal, standing still while the foal feeds.
What you should do:
- Stand back and observe from a distance, only intervene if necessary.
- Dip the umbilical stump in dilute iodine, take care not to touch the umbilical stump with ungloved hands.
- Monitor closely for the first 24 hours
- If the mare or foal is not behaving as expected or if you have any other concerns, contact the veterinarian.
- A mare and foal check by a veterinarian is recommended at 24 hours, serum IgG can also be checked.